After many days, when time sufficed for the people to arrange their thoughts in reference to the foregoing scene, there was more than one account of what had been witnessed on the scaffold.
However, the question of symbol is bound to be set against that of understanding the Bible in a society impregnated with religious feelings. The Puritan community sees Hester as a fallen woman, Dimmesdale as a saint, and would have seen the disguised Chillingworth as a victim — a husband betrayed.
He was a Puritan minister involved with the government of the colony, and also the Salem Witch Trials.
It was a financial shock to the family, but it fortuitously provided him with time to write The Scarlet Letter. Dimmesdale, on the other hand, is the secret sinner whose public and private faces are opposites. The characters also try to root out the causes of evil: Inwhen the family moved to Lennox, Massachusetts, Hawthorne made the acquaintance of Herman Melville, a young writer who became a good friend.
The Bible begins with the story of Adam and Eve, who were expelled from the Garden of Eden for eating from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. The scaffold which in the beginning of the tale, is the place where Hester faces the hostility of the crowd, plays a significant role in The Scarlet Letter.
This friendship, although important for the younger writer and his work, was much less so for Hawthorne. Interpreting words is potentially dangerous: However farfetched - or even fallacious - it may seem to the unbelieving reader, the symbolic meaning yields deeper knowledge.
Surprisingly, Hester reacts with dismay when Chillingworth tells her that the town fathers are considering letting her remove the letter. It can be viewed as separating the book into the beginning, middle, and end.
Both partake of the creation of a spiritual meaning, and enable the author to provide several layers of interpretation. The example of "Egotism or the Bosom Serpent" is probably the most appropriate.
The interpretation of allegory is finite, whereas that of symbol is infinite. It is very curious to read criticisms upon pictures, and upon the same face in a picture, and by men of taste and feeling, and to find what different conclusions they arrive at.
The paradox is that the Puritans stigmatize her with the mark of sin and, in so doing, reduce her to a dull, lifeless woman whose characteristic color is gray and whose vitality and femininity are suppressed.
They averred, that the symbol was not mere scarlet cloth, tinged in an earthly dye-pot, but was red-hot with infernal fire, and could be seen glowing all alight, whenever Hester Prynne walked abroad in the night-time.
However, the question of symbol is bound to be set against that of understanding the Bible in a society impregnated with religious feelings. Hawthorne encouraged the young Melville, who later thanked him by dedicating his book, Moby Dick, to him.
He never tells in many words what the symbols stands for. This also echoes the origin of the word "symbol," since the Greek word "symbolon" referred to a coin divided into two halves that was used as a recognition sign.
The distinction between symbol and allegory can be organized around three main points. Of course, the character of Pearl remains largely determined by its role as a representation of her mother's sin, and hence as an allegory of Guilt.
Perhaps the most dramatic chapters using these techniques are the chapters comprising the three scaffold scenes and the meeting in the forest between Hester and Dimmesdale. Three years later the presidential election brought the Whigs into power under Zachary Taylorand Hawthorne lost his job; but in a few months of concentrated effort, he produced his masterpiece, The Scarlet Letter.
At that moment, if report be trustworthy, the sculptor beheld a waving motion through the grass, and heard a tinkling sound, as if something had plunged into the fountain. Even when his first signed book, Twice-Told Tales, was published inthe work had brought gratifying recognition but no dependable income.
The only remarkable features of the sketch are its frank and genuine good-humor He accepts this, stating that he will find out anyway, and forces her to hide that he is her husband. She is the scarlet letter in the flesh, a reminder of Hester's sin. Hawthorne goes even further in the use of the romantic characteristics of symbol through the use of the expression "oneness.
He will be able to give his Election Sermon and "fulfill his public duties" before escaping. Even as the beadle — an obvious symbol of the righteous Colony of Massachusetts — proclaims that the settlement is a place where "iniquity is dragged out into the sunshine," the colony, along with the Reverend Mr.
The interpretation of the symbol entails social consequences, and Hawthorne is highly aware of its dangers. Climbing the scaffold, he admits his guilt but cannot find the courage to do so publicly. From this starting point, I would like to show how Hawthorne stages the interpretative process within The Scarlet Letter, and how this provides keys for the reader on how to read them.
Of letter and spirit According to Augustine, the literal meaning of symbols and allegories is technically a lie, except that it hides a truthful meaning that needs to be deciphered by those who are able to understand this hidden significance.
A second semantic derivation indeed occurred: Moreover, the word "symbol" is often associated with the adjective "mystic," which underlines the idea that it constitutes a mystery that can be deciphered only by the initiated.
The experience of Hester and Dimmesdale recalls the story of Adam and Eve because, in both cases, sin results in expulsion and suffering.
The woman does not exist at the first level of understanding; she does not have a name or a personal history.Hawthorne also likely employs symbolism in order to illuminate, more clearly and more visibly, the novel's themes.
For example, toward the end of chapter 1, "The Prison Door," Hawthorne introduces. While warmly received here and abroad, The Scarlet Letter sold only 8, copies in Hawthorne's lifetime.
Inwhen the family moved to Lennox, Massachusetts, Hawthorne made the acquaintance of Herman Melville, a young writer who became a good friend.
Symbols Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. The Scarlet Letter. The scarlet letter is meant to be a symbol of shame, but instead it becomes a powerful symbol of identity to Hester. The letter’s meaning shifts as time passes.
Hawthorne has a perfect atmosphere for the symbols in The Scarlet Letter because the Puritans saw the world through allegory. For them, simple patterns, like the meteor streaking through the sky, became religious or moral interpretations for human events.
The Scarlet Letter: A Romance, an novel, is a work of historical fiction written by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne.
It is considered his "masterwork". Set in 17th-century Puritan Massachusetts Bay Colony, during the years toit tells the story of Hester Prynne, who conceives a daughter through an affair and struggles to create a new life of repentance and dominicgaudious.nether: Ticknor, Reed & Fields.
Symbol and Interpretation in Hawthorne's Scarlet Letter. By Dr. Stephanie Carrez paper delivered at the conference of the Nathaniel Hawthorne Society, celebrating the Hawthorne bicentennial in .Download